Verbena is a genus of perennial flowering plants that are native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas. They are popular among gardeners for their beautiful flowers, delicate foliage, and ease of cultivation. Verbena flowers come in virtually every solid color and multicolor.
Leaves and Flowers
The leaves of the Verbena plant are long, narrow, and toothed. They are usually arranged in a rosette at the base of the plant, and their color can vary from light to deep green. The leaves are aromatic and have a lemony scent that is released when they are crushed or bruised. Verbena flowers are typically small and arranged in clusters often held above the foliage, making them visible and attractive to pollinators.
Growing and Caring For Verbena
Verbena prefers full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. It can tolerate a range of soil types so long as the soil is not too wet. Verbena should be watered regularly but not overwatered. Periodically applying a balanced fertilizer throughout the growing season can promote healthy growth and encourage it to produce more flowers.
Verbena can be grown from seed or cuttings. Seeds should be sown indoors in early spring and then transplanted outdoors once the danger of frost has passed. Cuttings can be taken from established plants in the fall and then rooted in a potting mix.
Uses as a Garden Plant
Verbena is often utilized as a bedding plant, creating colorful carpets of flowers that can thrive in full sun or partial shade. Its low-growing habit and prolific blooming make it an excellent choice for ground covers, borders, and hanging baskets. Additionally, some verbena varieties are known for their pleasant fragrance, further enhancing the sensory experience of a garden. Whether used as a focal point or mixed with other plants, verbena brings beauty, versatility, and a touch of nature’s charm to garden spaces.