Geranium, also known as Pelargonium, is a genus of flowering plants that belong to the family Geraniaceae. This group of plants is known for their attractive flowers and fragrant leaves, making them popular plants in gardens, hanging baskets, and containers. Geranium plants are native to southern Africa. The most distinctive feature of geranium plants is their flowers, which typically have five petals and are arranged in clusters. The leaves of geranium plants are also fragrant and often used in perfumes and soaps.
Geraniums are easy to grow and require minimal maintenance, making them ideal for beginner gardeners. These plants are also known for repelling mosquitoes and other insects, making them popular for outdoor seating areas. The leaves of geranium plants are typically lobed or dissected and are arranged in an opposite pattern along the stem. The plants grow to a height of around 12-24 inches and require full sun or partial shade and well-draining soil.
One of the most popular species of geranium is Pelargonium x hortorum, which is a hybrid plant that is derived from several different geranium species. This plant has large, colorful flowers and is commonly grown in containers or hanging baskets. It is prized for its long blooming period and its ability to attract pollinators.